A Guide On Mastering The 5 Essential Components Of Reading

The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is the most recognized English proficiency examination for higher education and emigration.

The IELTS course places a strong emphasis on reading. This is because proficiency in reading supports and complements your ability to listen and speak tremendously.

Here is a breakdown of the five vital components of reading and how you can master them.

1. Phonics

Phonics is the linking of sounds and letter symbols to create words. It is about understanding and establishing the relationship between the sounds in a language, as well as the letters that correspond to those sounds.

There are many ways to learn phonics and apply this component when reading. You can opt to build words from the ground up. In this approach, you start to connect letters to the sound units and blend the different letters to form a word. Alternatively, you can learn the word as a whole and later parse out the letter sounds. If you have enrolled in an IELTS course, the second option will be a better choice for you. You will improve on your pronunciation and will be less confused with what you already know.

2. Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic awareness also involves the connecting of sounds and words. It is comprehending how words are formed from the sound units of a spoken language. For example, the word steep has four phonemes (s-t-ee-p), while the word sheep has three (sh-ee-p). Phonemic awareness is the ability to identify and control such phonemes.

You can enhance phonemic awareness by playing word games, singing along to English songs as well as poems. The rhythm and repetitiveness are perfect for mastering phonemic awareness.

3. Vocabulary

As you read words, you must also understand them. Imagine how frustrating it would be to read this article, yet you don’t understand the words.

When you sign up for IELTS lessons in Singapore, you strengthen your vocabulary and widen your repertoire through explicit instructions by your tutor. You will also find that your vocabulary enhances as you interact with context clues in the reading texts and assignments. The more you immerse yourself in an English environment, the wider your vocabulary will be.

4. Fluency

Fluency is the ability to read accurately, fast and with expression. It is demonstrated through one’s ability to read through a text while evoking the meaning and emotion in it.

In IELTS tests, fluency is gauged through oral reading. You can improve your fluency by reading more English texts and practicing to an audience frequently.

5. Comprehension

Fluency and comprehension are highly connected. In order to read through a text at a fluent pace and develop meaning out of it, you must first understand the vocabulary, and with prior knowledge, imagine the text visually. This ability is known as comprehension, and it is the main reason why we read, to understand and be engrossed in the storyline.

Comprehension is the ability to draw meaning out of an entire text and not just from individual sentences. It is the most complex of all components. Although it is not explicitly examined during the IELTS tests, you must comprehend conversations and texts to answer questions correctly.

Comprehension skills develop over time through guidance and practice. Fortunately, enrolling in the best IELTS course provides you the support you need to master reading!


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